Good morning. There is so much debris in space that angerous encounters are arising as the number of satellites increases. A Chinese satellite got whacked and disabled by a Russian rocket in March. Now, Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak wants to clean up space junk with new company.
Big ups, Steve!
- - -
P.S. Rewards await you when you invite your friends to subscribe to Freshly Pressed. Try it:www.freshlypressed.ng/?r=. You currently have referrals.
Somalia. President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed has accused Djibouti of unlawfully detaining his national security adviser, a key player in his spiralling feud with Prime Minister Mohamed Hussein Roble.
North Korea. Jung-Un has criticised the US decision to provide nuclear-powered submarines to Australia, describing the deal as “extremely undesirable and dangerous” and warning of unspecified countermeasures if it undermines the North’s security.
Algeria. It has buried Abdelaziz Bouteflika, the North African country’s longest-serving president, at a cemetery for its independence heroes but without the honours accorded to leaders who died before him. Flags flew at half-mast in the country ahead of the funeral on Sunday of Bouteflika, who died on Friday aged 84.
China. President Xi Jinping has warned against “interference from external forces” in the region, as Australia shrugged off Beijing’s growing anger about its decision to acquire US nuclear-powered submarines, and promised to defend the rule of law in airspace and waters where China has staked hotly contested claims.
1664 Maryland passes 1st anti-amalgamation law to stop intermarriage of English women & black men
1870 Capture of Rome by Italian army, Pope Pius IX surrenders to King Victor Emmanuel which unifies Italy and ends 1,116 year reign of Papal States
1990 Both East and West Germany ratify reunification
Okonjo-Iweala Gets Timed
The Story Nigeria's Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, director-general of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), has been named in Time Magazine’s list of 100 most influential people for 2021.
How's the list made? Time Magazine’s annual list of 100 most influential people in the world accords recognition to “people whose ideas, example, talent, or discoveries transform the world we live in”. The list, released on Wednesday, places the individuals in five categories: Titans, pioneers, artists, leaders and icons.
Which of the categories was she placed? Okonjo-Iweala, who became the first woman and first African to lead the WTO in March, was included in the “leaders” category, alongside Joe Biden, President of the United States of America; Kamala Harris, US Vice-President; Xi Jinping, President of China, and Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India.
What has she done since becoming the WTO DG? Okonjo-Iweala took on the role of director-general in March, at a critical moment for global health and well-being. She has emphasized the need for a collective effort in tackling the COVID-19 pandemic, which has had a huge and negative impact on trade globally. "Make no mistake; her job affects every person, family and community", Prince Harry and Meghan Markle, the Duke and Duchess of Sussex, said of the former Nigerian minister of finance, adding that she “knows how to get things done”.
“As we face a constant barrage of vaccine misinformation, bureaucratic slowdowns across both government and industry, and the rise of variants that underscore the urgency of the situation, Okonjo-Iweala has shown us that to end the pandemic; we must work together to equip every nation with equitable vaccine access." SOURCE
"Doing Business" Report Takes a Beating
The Story The World Bank Group on Thursday said it ended publication of its “Doing Business” report on country investment climates after a probe of data irregularities cited “undue pressure” by top bank officials, including then-Chief Executive Kristalina Georgieva, to boost China’s ranking in 2017.
Why now, after four years? The World Bank said in a statement that the decision came after internal audit reports had raised “ethical matters, including the conduct of former Board officials as well as current and/or former Bank staff” and a board investigation conducted by the law firm, WilmerHale. The WilmerHale report cited “direct and indirect pressure” from senior staff in the office of then-World Bank President Jim Yong Kim to change the report’s methodology to boost China’s score, and said it likely occurred at his direction.
What was their reason for doing that? It said that Georgieva, now the managing director of the International Monetary Fund(IMF), and a key adviser pressured staff to “make specific changes to China’s data points” and boost its ranking at a time when the bank was seeking China’s support for a big capital increase. China’s ranking in the “Doing Business 2018” report, published in October 2017, rose seven places to 78th after the data methodology changes were made, compared with the initial draft report.
What's the significance of the report? The Doing Business report assesses regulatory environments, ease of business startups, infrastructure and other business climate measures, helping potential investors in their decisions on investment destinations. “I disagree fundamentally with the findings and interpretations of the investigation of data irregularities as it relates to my role in the World Bank’s Doing Business report of 2018,” Georgieva said in a statement issued by the IMF. She added that she had met with the IMF’s executive board to discuss the matter.
The WilmerHale report also cited irregularities in the data used to determine rankings for Saudi Arabia and Azerbaijan in the “Doing Business 2020” report published in 2019 but found no evidence that any members of the bank’s Office of the President or executive board were involved in these changes. “Going forward, we will be working on a new approach to assessing the business and investment climate,” the World Bank said in a statement. SOURCE
#MeToo Unwelcome In China
The Story Zhou Xiaoxuan filed a lawsuit in 2018 accusing powerful Chinese media figure, television host Zhu Jun, of groping and forcibly kissing her when she was a 21-year-old intern at the state broadcaster CCTV.
What happened after that? The accused denies the accusations and has launched defamation proceedings – the outcome for which is unknown. Zhou went public on social media and quickly became the face of China's nascent #MeToo movement. China's first civil code passed in May 2020, expanding the definition of sexual harassment. Still, many women are reluctant to come forward.
How's that? In a recent report, a research scholar at Yale Law School, Darius Longarino and colleagues found only 83 civil cases in public databases that related to sexual harassment or molestation between 2018 and 2020. Of the 83 cases, 77 were brought by the alleged harasser against companies or the victim. Just six cases were brought by victims against a harasser.
How about Zhou's case? Zhou’s case was originally filed under the "personality rights" law, relating to an individual’s health and body, but her lawyers asked for it to be considered under the new legislation. The case began in a Beijing court in December 2020. Late Tuesday, the court ruled that Zhou had not met the standard of proof necessary to support her sexual harassment claims.
Reacting after the ruling, Zhou told supporters on her WeChat account that she had been deprived of the chance to fully present her case, and listed seven instances that implied the court had been unfair. She plans an appeal. SOURCE
The Story Africanized honey bees are those homicidal insects that will chase you down and can literally kill you and other large mammals. They've been preeminent schoolyard bullies for a while now, but they might be on the verge of losing their title.
Tell me! Enter: the Asian giant "murder hornet." These vicious stingers are the world's largest hornet, and a worrisome (to say the least) invasive species that originates from East Asia and Japan. The queens can grow up to two inches long. Murder hornets live to kill wasps and those gentle honey bees that sound so much like Jerry Seinfeld.
How are they so deadly? Murder hornets have mandibles shaped like spiked shark fins; they decapitate the bees and fly away with the thoraxes to feed their young. For larger targets, the hornet’s potent venom and stinger, which is long enough to puncture a beekeeping suit, make for an excruciating combination that victims have likened to hot metal driving into their skin. Asian giant hornets are responsible for the deaths of as many as 50 Japanese in a year.
Asia is not alone In the fall of 2019, two of the predators were discovered in the northwest corner of Washington State, after they'd decimated a number of beehives on a beekeeper's property in Custer, Washington. The first murder hornet of 2021 was just spotted in a rural part of Washington state, doing what it does best -- attacking a paper wasp nest. The sighting is only about 2 miles from where the first Asian giant hornet nest was eradicated in October 2020.
Agriculture officials say honey bees have the most to worry about. "These hornets may attack honey bee hives in the late summer or early fall. A small group of Asian giant hornets can kill an entire honey bee hive in a matter of hours." SOURCE
WHAT ELSE IS FRESH...
Nigeria needs 95% national network coverage for e-transmission of election results -Orji Kalu
Pursuing Aboki FX, a waste of efforts, Utomi tells CBN
Your Brain Makes You a Different Person Every Day. Naulitus
How to Make Smart Decisions Without Getting Lucky. FS Street
Lost perspective? Try this linguistic trick to reset your view. Psyche
How the Internet Is Changing the Migrant Experience. Laura Vidal
Photographer captures bees sleeping in a flower. MyModernMet
Where is the world’s most active volcano located? A. Arctic region B. Hawaii C. Kenya
QUESTION & ANSWER
What are some mind-blowing facts about Google?
1. Google employees in the US get death benefits which the surviving spouse will receive 50% of their salary every year for the next decade.
2. Google wanted to sell itself to online company Excite in 1999 for $1 million, but the Excite CEO rejected the offer, the price was knocked down to $750,000 but he still declined, saying the asking price was too high. One time Yahoo said no, but in 2002 offered to buy Google for $3B. Google said no, and it’s now valued at $800B. That's got to sting.
3. Goats mow the company lawns. In 2009 the company hired out a heard of 200 goats from California Grazing to trim the lawns.
4. Google was originally named BackRub.
5. Google’s first office was a rented garage. Starting in September 1998, the company’s first workspace was Susan Wojcicki’s garage on Santa Margarita Ave. in Menlo Park, Calif.
6. Gmail was launched on April Fool’s Day, no joke. Toying with Silicon Valley’s longstanding tradition of pulling April Fool’s Day pranks, Google unveiled Gmail on April 1, 2004, in a wackily-worded announcement that was widely misconstrued as a hoax.
7.Googlers ride colorful “gBikes” around the Googleplex, none of the bikes have locks. Employees simply “borrow” the nearest set of wheels. When they’re done, they drop them off conveniently close to office entryways for other Googlers to use.
8. Google negotiated its acquisition of YouTube’s at Denny’s over mozzarella sticks. “We didn’t want to meet at offices,” YouTube co-founder Steven Chen said, “so we were like, ‘Where’s a place that none of us would go?’” That place turned out to be a Denny’s in Palo Alto, Calif. Mozzarella sticks were nibbled, hands were shaken.
9. When it went public, Google was valued as much as General Motors. The company sold 19,605,052 shares of stock for $85 per share. It was valued at $27B.
11. Google was stored on 4GB hard drives. The company’s search engine algorithm was stored on 10 separate 4GB hard drives. Today Google has indexed more than 100 million gigabytes of data, making its original 40 GB storage capacity look rather humble.
12. Stanford owns Google’s first search patent. Stanford received 1.8 million shares of Google stock in exchange for a long-term patent license. PageRank has since earned more than $337 million for Stanford, which was more than enough to see the two inducted into the university’s Inventor Hall of Fame. PageRank isn’t the only algorithm used by Google these days, but it was the first.
13. Don’t be evil. This motto was first suggested by Google employee Paul Buchheit back in the early 2000s and appeared in Google’s 2004 IPO prospectus, later Alphabet the parent company in 2015, changed the motto slightly to “Do the right thing” in the corporate code of conduct.
14. The company, on average, purchases a new company roughly once a week. As of June 2016, Google has bought over 190 different companies.
15. Google owns common misspellings of its own name as well, such as Gooogle, Gogle, Googlr.
16. No part of a Google office is allowed to be more than 150 feet away from some kind of food.
17. There's a rotated version of Google known as 'Google Mirror', which shows everything in a mirrored avatar. It might sound like just a fun and pointless add on, but it was actually useful in circumventing the Great Firewall in China that banned Google.
18. Funny fact. Dogs with strong bladders and friendly dispositions are welcomed in the offices, but cats are discouraged due to the number of dogs present.
19. Employees are called Googlers, new employees are called Nooglers. SOURCE
Where is the world’s most active volcano located? B. Hawaii