Good morning. A 10 year old Australian entrepreneur, Pixie Curtis, said he is poised to retire at 15, according to her mother. After launching in May, Curtis’ accessory and toy business pulled in $200k in the first month and is reportedly on track to make $21 million in the next ten years.
What will she be doing after retirement?
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Nicaragua. The central American country has broken off diplomatic relations with Taiwan, leaving the self-ruled democratic island with just 14 formal diplomatic allies amid ongoing pressure from China, which claims the island as its own.
Afghanistan. A group of 15 European Union member states have agreed to take in 40,000 Afghans for resettlement. Germany will accept the bulk of the new arrivals, with 25,000, with the Netherlands accepting 3,159, Spain and France 2,500 each, and other countries in lower numbers.
India. An air force helicopter that crashed and killed the defence chief, General Bipin Rawat, and 12 others lost contact with air traffic control seven minutes before it was supposed to land and sent no distress call before it was found in flames in a forested area, India’s defence minister has said.
Austria. Conservative-led government has announced details of its plan to make coronavirus vaccines compulsory, saying it will apply to people aged 14 and above, and holdouts face fines of up to 3,600 euros ($4,071) every three months. About 68% of Austria’s population is fully vaccinated against COVID-19, one of the lowest rates in Western Europe.
1684 Isaac Newton's derivation of Kepler's laws from his theory of gravity, contained in the paper De motu corporum in gyrum, is read to the Royal Society by Edmond Halley
1964 Nobel Peace Prize presented to Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in Oslo, Norway
1896 Albert Nobel died on this day. His unique Nobel Prize legacy rewarded pioneers in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, peace, and economics.
The Story At least 74% of inmates in Nigeria’s prisons are suspects awaiting trial, Interior Minister Rauf Aregbesola has said.
Why's that? Aregbesola admitted that most of the prisoners are “denied justice” due to the country’s chronically slow judicial process. He said many of them die before the conclusion of their trials – others stay in detention beyond the maximum jail term of the offence they’re accused of – even though they’ve not been convicted.
How is this being addressed? Out of 68,000 prisoners, only 17,000 are convicts, Aregbesola said on Monday during an event to inaugurate a pilot for virtual courtrooms. The minister said this situation pricks the conscience of the government and the country. In addressing the problem, the authorities say they’re building more correctional centres and speeding up trials.
Aregbesola said the “overwhelming number” of remand prisoners, as well as causing overcrowding in the facilities, was largely responsible for the recent increase in jailbreaks in the country. In the last year, more than 5,000 inmates have escaped following attacks on several prisons. Most of them remain on the run. SOURCE
The Story Nigeria’s health minister has said that some COVID-19 doses donated by rich Western countries had only weeks to administer the shots as their expiry dates were due.
How many doses are those? Reuters had reported earlier that up to one million COVID-19 vaccines are estimated to have expired in Nigeria last month without being used, one of the biggest single losses of doses that shows the difficulty African nations have getting shots in arms. Osagie Ehanire said the health ministry had declined a request by some vaccine manufacturers to extend the shelf life of the doses by three months.
Were they returned to the manufacturers? Dr Ehanire said that expired vaccines had been withdrawn and would be destroyed by the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC). He did not give a figure. He said if vaccines with a short shelf life arrive back-to-back or in large numbers, logistical bottlenecks occasionally arise. He said the issue of donations of doses with expiring shelf lives to developing countries was a matter that was under international discussion.
What's the World Health Organization's position on this? The World Health Organisation said in a joint statement on 29 November with Africa’s disease control body (Africa CDC), the GAVI vaccine alliance and other health groups that COVID-19 vaccines donated to African countries should have a minimum of 10 weeks shelf life when they arrive in-country. Ehanire did not say exactly how long the vaccines had when they arrived but that Nigeria had been left with “a very short time, some just weeks, to use them, after deduction of time to transport, clear, distribute and deliver to users.”
The news agency had cited unnamed sources with direct knowledge of vaccine delivery and its use as saying that the expired doses were made by AstraZeneca and delivered from Europe. They were supplied via COVAX, the dose-sharing facility led by the GAVI vaccine alliance and the WHO which is increasingly reliant on donations. SOURCE
The Story Josephine Baker became the first Black woman, performing artist, and American to be inducted in the French Pantheon on Tuesday.
How significant is that? The Pantheon is France’s mausoleum of heroes, and induction into it is considered France’s highest honor. Baker spoke at the 1963 March on Washington. Less than 100 people are buried at the Paris monument. Baker is buried in Monaco, and will remain there, but her entry into the Pantheon will be noted with a plaque. While many praised her induction, others worry that it gives France too much credit, and fails to address their history of racism.
Why was she, an American, given the honor? Her entry into the Pantheon has been floated many times over the past decade. Baker went to Paris when she was 19, and fell in love with the city. She became a symbol of the jazz age, before working for the French Resistance during WWII. She was a performer and civil rights activist, and in his dedication speech, French President Emmanuel Macron said, “Josephine Baker, you enter the Pantheon because while you were born American, deep down there was no one more French than you.” SOURCE
The Greatest Quits
The Story The U.S. is facing a wave of job hopping, which some have dubbed “the Great Resignation.” In September alone, the country saw a record 4.4 million workers leave their jobs.
Any factor(s) responsible for this? The surge in two-week notices was caused by a variety of factors. One was the “hot” labor market in many states: some of the states with the highest quit rates in September also had among the lowest unemployment rates in the country. Take, for example, Idaho: in October, the state’s unemployment rate was 2.8% (one of the lowest in the country) while its September quit rate was 4.1% (the seventh-highest nationwide).
What's the connection between the quitting and low unemployment rates? Similar stories unfolded in New Hampshire and Indiana, meaning workers in those states were able to leverage high demand for labor to quit their jobs for greener pastures. Other reasons for increased quit rates include the demands of parenting and working in a pandemic world, as well as the U.S.’s aging workforce deciding to retire early during the pandemic.
Overall, these changes in the workforce have led to a historic imbalance in the job market today: for every job opening available in September, there was only .74 unemployed workers available to fill the spot. According to Oxford Economics, this is the lowest such ratio on record, allowing workers much more choice and power in the job market to take the best jobs possible. SOURCE
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When did Nigeria cut ties with Israel diplomatically A. 1972 B. 1983 C. 1960
QUESTION & ANSWER
Why do Olympic divers shower after each dive when they are just going to dive again?
Chlorine and pool chemicals quickly cause irritation and then proceed to seriously damage your skin and hair.
If you swim in any chemically-treated pool, which is virtually all of them, you can try not showering and see how you feel later in the day. Fail to wash it off your hair and you will soon look like like some kind of lab-created monster. SOURCE
When did Nigeria cut ties with Israel diplomatically? A. 1972
2022/2023 International Court of Justice (ICJ) Judicial Fellowship Programme for recent Law Graduates in The Hague at Netherlands.
The International Court of Justice (ICJ) invites applications from eligible universities across the globe for the 2022-2023 Judicial Fellowship Programme (formerly known as the University Traineeship Programme).
The Programme was established in 1999 to enable recent law graduates to gain professional experience working at the ICJ. The Fellowship Programme aims to improve participants’ understanding of public international law and of the Court’s procedures by actively involving them in the work of the Court and allowing them to build on their experience under the supervision of a judge.
The deadline for the submission of applications is 13 February 2022. The Court is expected to reach its final decision on the selection of candidates by April 2022. Nominating universities will be notified accordingly.